Frequently Asked Questions
What is the prostate gland ?
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located below the bladder (the organ where urine is stored) and surrounds the upper portion of the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). The gland is made of 2 main lobes, or regions, on either side of the urethra, enclosed by an outer layer of tissue (the capsule). The gland is made up of two main types of tissue: glands and smooth muscle.
What is its function ?
The seminal fluid discharged during ejaculation carries sperm cells. The prostate gland makes the fluid portion of the semen. This fluid energizes the sperm and makes the vaginal canal less acidic.
What is benign prostatic hyperplasia ?
The prostate gland begins to enlarge after the age to 40. The reason for the enlargement is not fully clear, and is likely to be due to subtle changes in the hormone levels with increasing age. This enlargement is not due to cancer.
What are the consequences of this enlargement ?
The prostate tissue as it enlarges squeezes the urethra from all sides, creating a mechanical obstruction to emptying of the bladder. Initially the bladder respond by contracting more strongly so that the urine can be emptied and the patient has no symptoms apart from slight diminution of flow. Later the obstruction causes irritability of the bladder muscle causing urinary frequency and urgency. As the disease progresses, the bladder weakens, resulting in incomplete bladder emptying, eventually progressing to stoppage of urinary flow: retention of urine. Sometimes the high pressures generated in the bladder due to obstruction are transmitted back to the kidneys. This is a potentially dangerous situation, and can result in serious kidney damage, which may be permanent.
|What are the symptoms of BPH ?
The most common symptoms of BPH are :
- A weak urine stream · Dribbling after voiding
- Feeling that the bladder has not emptied completely after urination
- Frequent urination, particularly at night (i.e., nocturia) and having to rush to the toilet to pass urine
- Hesitant, interrupted, or weak urine stream
- Leakage of urine (i.e., overflow incontinence)
- Pushing or straining to begin urination
- Blood in the urine (i.e., haematuria)
Blood in Urine (Haematuria)
Urinary Tract Infection